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Author: Raskauskas, Juliana; Stoltz, Ann D.
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Year: 2007
Article Title: Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents
Journal: Developmental Psychology
Volume: 43
Edition: 3
Issue: 43
Pages: 564-575
ISBN/ISSN: 0012-1649 (Print)
Source of Funding: Funding Source Not Stated in Paper
Study Design: Correlational Study
Publication Type: Journal Article
Age Group: Adolescence (13-17 yrs), Adulthood (18 yrs & older), Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
Abstract: Objective: To explore the potential for connections between traditional bullying and electronic bullying among adolescents for both victims and perpetrators.

Design: Correlational study. Participants recruited from youth development events held on school property. Parental permission obtained for participation. Questionnaire took approximately 20 minutes to complete. Four questionnaires removed due to incomplete answers. Chi-square test used for analysis.

Subjects and Setting: N=84 participants between 13 and 18 years of age (M=15.35, SD=1.26). Majority of sample was Caucasian (89.3%), followed by Hispanic (3.6%), African American (3.6%), and Asian (2.4%) participants. Large majority of participants (90.5%) had access to a computer with email capability, approximately 64.3% could text message, 34.5% could build a web page, and 27.4% had picture phones. Participants were from one of two high schools, the first located in a rural community, the second in a suburb of a large west coast city.

Interventions: N/A

Outcome Measures: Basic demographic information, internet experience, experience with bullying or being bullied, both electronically and traditionally.

Results: Text messaging, Internet, and picture phones were the most frequent form of electronic victimization (32.1%, 15.5% and 9.5% respectively). Being bullied or perpetrating bullying traditionally was significantly predictive of being bullied or being a bully electronically (Beta = -1.52, p<.01). No support was found that traditionally bullying victims would themselves be electronic bullies. Most victims of bullying reported being negatively impacted by the experience.

Conclusions: Limitations of study include use of a convenience sample, participant self-report of bully or victim status, lack of causal direction, and lack of generalizability due to majority Caucasian respondents. Researchers suggest further research should focus on the factors that do or do not encourage traditional bullies to utilize electronic bullying tactics, and should focus on expanding to different study populations in addition to using a longitudinal design. Center on Media and Child Health
Keywords: Adolescent Attitudes
Peer Group
Risk Factors
Social Development



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