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Author: Brownson, Ross C.; Boehmer, Tegan K.; Luke, Douglas A.
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Year: 2005
Article Title: Declining rates of physical activity in the United States: what are the contributors?
Journal: Annual Review of Public Health
Volume: 26
Issue: 26
Pages: 421-443
ISBN/ISSN: 0163-7525
Source of Funding: Funding Source Not Stated in Paper
Study Design: Review
Publication Type: Journal Article
Age Group: Adolescence (13-17 yrs), Adulthood (18 yrs & older), Aged (65 yrs & older), Childhood (birth-12 yrs), Middle Age (40-64 yrs), School Age (6-12 yrs), Thirties (30-39 yrs), Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
Abstract: Objective: Describe current patterns and long-term trends related to physical activity, employment and occupation, travel behavior, land use and related behaviors (e.g., television watching). Data Sources: National data on adult physical activity patterns obtained from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). National data on employment and occupation from Bureau of Labor Statistics (Current Population Survey (CPS)), and U.S. Census Bureau. National Household Transportation Survey (NHTS). American Housing Survey. Nielsen Media Research. Bureau of Economic Analysis (“sedentary? industry). Study Selection: N/A Data Synthesis: Slight improvement for both women (5.8%) and men (9.7%) between 1990 and 2000 in recommended physical activity. Decline of physical activity of 7.6% of persons with fewer than 12 years of education and increase of 8.9% of persons with college education. Rates of physical activity among youth relatively stable over past decade: 65% of students in grade 9-12 exercised at least 20 minutes on 3 or more of past 7 days. Participation of men in labor force has fallen from 86% in 1950 to 75% in 2000 and for women it increased from 34% to 60%. Number of persons employed in high-activity occupations decreased and in low-activity occupations increased. Upward linear trend in vehicles per licensed driver and daily vehicle miles traveled. Doubling of proportion of U.S. residents living in suburbs from 1950 to 2000. Increase in television ownership from 10% in 1950 to 98% in 2005. Increase in viewing television of 36 minutes every 10 years per household. Active sports clubs and sedentary sports grown over time. Conclusion: Many Americans at risk of physical inactivity due to increase of sedentary activities, living in suburbs, decrease of physical activities. © Center on Media and Child Health
Keywords: Adolescents
Eating Behavior
Gender Differences
Health Behavior
Media Diet
Mediating Factors
Physical Activity
Public Health
Racial Differences
Recreation and Leisure
Risk Factors
Social Factors
Socioeconomic Differences
Suburban Areas
Time Displacement
Urban Areas



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