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Author: Dennison, Barbara A.; Erb, Tara A.; Jenkins, Paul L.
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Year: 2002
Article Title: Television viewing and television in bedroom associated with overweight risk among low-income preschool children
Journal: Pediatrics
Volume: 109
Edition: 6
Issue: 109
Pages: 1028-1035
ISBN/ISSN: 1120-7507
Source of Funding:
Study Design:
Publication Type: Journal Article
Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older), Childhood (birth-12 yrs), Infancy (2-23 Months), Preschool Age (2-5 yrs)
Abstract: Objective: To determine if TV/video viewing habits are related to adiposity among multiethnic, low income preschool children.

Design: Cross-sectional survey of parents/guardians. Hours of TV/videotapes children watched per day were reported for weekdays, Saturday, and Sunday. Whether or not children had a TV in his/her bedroom also reported.

Subjects and Setting: Adults (n = 2761) with children ages 1 - 5 participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in New York. 49 WIC agencies selected for racial and geographical diversity. 34.7% White, 33.4% Hispanic, 22.7% Black; 37.1% of children had a BMI < 85th percentile.

Intervention(s): N/A

Outcome Measure(s): Children's BMI was calculated based on the most current measurement of height and weight reported on the WIC survey by clinic staff. Overweight status determined based on Frisancho Kappa statistics.

Results: The percentage of children watching TV/videos increased with increasing age (?2 = 124, p < 0.0001). A greater proportion of 1-year old children that do not watch TV/videos were white compared to Hispanics and blacks (?2 = 31, p < 0.0001). Children whose parents did not complete high school spent more time watching TV/videos than other children (F = 4.9, p < 0.002). For each additional hour of TV/video watched per day, the odds of having a BMI above the 85th percentile increased by 1.06. Black and Hispanic children were more likely to have a TV in their bedroom (?2 = 120, p < 0.0001). Children with a TV in their bedroom spent about 4.6 hours more per week watching TV/videos. These children were more likely to be overweight (OR = 1.31, p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Time spent watching TV/videos and having a TV in a child's bedroom were related to the prevalence of children being overweight. Suggest determining why recommendations restricting children's TV viewing are not being followed. Recommend future research consider parents' expectations and beliefs about TV viewing by young children. Center on Media and Child Health
Keywords: African Americans
Age Differences
Asian Americans
Eating Behavior
Hispanic Americans
Low Income
Media Diet
Native Americans
Racial Differences
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Differences



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